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H

Hâsya: humor, making fun as an indirect r a s a.

 Haihaya; or Kârtavîryârjuna, the haughty king of the Haihayas and worshiper of D a t t â t r e y a: A Y a d u descendent known for the fall he made from his position as a king, enviously stealing the cow of J a m a d a g n i - m u n i (S.B. 9.15: 25).

- Of Y a d u there were the four sons celebrated as Sahasrajit, Kroshthâ, Nala and Ripu, and from them had S'atajit, born from the first of them, as his sons then Mahâhaya, Renuhaya and Haihaya. Dharma then became Haihaya's son (S.B. 9.8: 5-6).

- Word for ruffian (S.B. 9.8: 5-6).

- Name of a race that is said to have been descendants of Y a d u; they are described in the P u r â n a s as separated into five divisions, viz. the Tâlajanghas, Vîti-hotras, Âvantyas, Tundikeras, and Jâtas; they are said to have overrun parts of India along with the S'akas or Scythian tribes.

Hamsa: K r i s h n a in the form of the transcendental swan giving counsel to lord B r a h m â being unable to reach the truth when he was questioned by the k u m â r a s on how to break away from the relation between the mind and the senseobjects (see S.B. 11.13).

- The swan as a spiritual model of discrimination for its ability to separate milk from water with its beak (see also paramahamsa).

- The name of the people in s a t y a - y u g a being of one vocation (see S.B. 11.17: 10).

Haladhara: name of B a l a r â m a, the Lord as the wielder of the plough, S a n k a r s h a n a.

Halâhala: poison produced at the churning of the ocean and swallowed by S' i v a which caused the blueness of his neck (see S.B. 8.7 and k a l â k û t h a).

Halâyudha: 'de weilder of the plow', name for B a l a r â m a, mentioned in S.B. 10.79: 16-17 (see also S a n k a r s h a n a).

Hanumân: monkey-god who led Lord R â m a's  v a n â r a s (ape-like forest dwellers) in the battle against the demon R â v a n a. He is carried in the banner of A r j u n a as a sign of victory (see also the prayer of Hanumân S.B. Canto 5.19, and the S.B. R â m a -chapters: 9: 10 & 11).

Hare: the energy of, the love of, of the Lord.

Hare Krishna ('of Lord Krishna'): popular name for the movement of the c a i t a n y a - v a i s h n a v a s of S w a m i P r a b h u p â d a, the v i s h n u-monks from the Bengal mission of K r i s h n a - C a i t a n y a, who as a b h a k t i v e d a n t a b h â g a v a t a, or â c â r y a, or p a r a m p a r â g u r u, took indian v e d â n t i c v a i s h n a v i s m to the West and founded the International Society for Krishna Consciousness I S K C O N. Though sectarian in their appearance of fanatic adherence to their guru, they represent a regular tradition of v i s h n u -worship that indeed is of a strong culture of respect for the spiritual teachers. The name is derived from their practicing the m a h â m a n t r a, the great m a n t r a of liberation, together practiced in the streets or alone on the rosary, the j a p a - m â l â.

Hare Krishna, Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna, Hare Hare / Hare Râma, Hare Râma, Râma Râma, Hare Hare: the m a h â - m a n t r a or great saying of liberation. K r i s h n a and R â m a are names of the Lord and with H a r e one addresses the inner energy of the Lord. The singing of these names is especially recommended for this time (listen also to the m a h â m a n t r a  b h a j a n).

Harâ - see: R â d h â r â n î.

Hari: often simply translated as the Lord, the Supreme Personality, name for K r i s h n a as the One removing all the inauspicious of sin and evil.

Hari-bhactivilâsa: Sanâtana Gosvâmî's book on the rules and regulations of v a i s h n a v a-life.

Haribol: literally: sing the names. Exclamation of joy (see also J a y a).

Haridâsa Thhâkur: a great devotee, by Lord C a i t a n y a recognized as n â m â c â r y a (teacher of chanting the Holy name).

- He chanted three hundred thousand names of God a day.

Harijan: child of God, name for the classless in India (see p a r i a and c a n d â l a).

Harinâm: the congregational chanting of the names out in the streets. Sometimes with a m û r t i of Lord K r i s h n a as J a g g a n â t h a, the Lord of the Universe: R a t h a Y a t r a (see also s a n k î r t a n).

Hari-nâma-yajña: the congregational chanting of the holy names of the Lord in public; it is the only sacrifice by the V e d a s prescribed for this era (see y a j ñ a).

Haris'candra: a king of whom there was between V i s'v â m i t r a and V a s i s h t h h a a great quarrel because of which the two for many years were as birds (S.B. 9.7: 7). He became famous (S.B. 9.7: 21) for pretending to sacrifice with Varuna the son Rohita he got on Varuna's blessing, which he replaced with the (worldly life of a) man to appease the sages. After that was he, being cursed with dropsy by Varuna for his trick, freed from it.

- S'r î l a S' r î d h a r a S v â m î briefly gives an account of him as follows: "To pay off his debts to V i s' v â m i t r a, Haris'candra sold everything he had, including his wife and children. Yet even after attaining the status of a c a n d â l a, he did not become discouraged; thus he went to heaven, together with all the inhabitants of Ayodhyâ.

Harivams'a parva: ('dynastic history of the Lord') an appendix to the M a h â b h â r a t a of 16.375 verses, written by V y â s a d e v a, describing the life of K r i s h n a; not to confuse with the Harivams'a purâna, a jain-text.

Haryaksha: see H i r a n y â k s h a.

Hastinâpura: city of the K u r u-family (see e.g. S.B. 1.10: 7, 10.49 and 10.68).

- Name of the city founded by king Hastin. It was situated about fifty-seven miles north-east of the modern Delhi on the banks of an old channel of the G a n g e s, and was the capital of the kings of the Lunar line, as A y o d h y â was of the Solar dynasty (see v a m s' a); hence it forms a central scene of action in the M a h â b h â r a t a; here Y u d h i s h t h h i r a was crowned after a triumphal progress through the streets of the city (see also MBh. xii , 1386-1410).

- Other names for this celebrated town are Gajâhvaya, Nâga-sâhvaya, Nâgâhva, Hâctina.

Hatha-yoga (sun-moon): the y o g a of the bodily strength (â s a n a, p r â n â y â m a, see also a s h t h â n g a y o g a).

Hayagrîva: Lord K r i s h n a's horse-headed incarnation, who returned the stolen V e d a s to B r a h m â (see also S.B. 8.24: 8 & 57; 5.18: 1).

Heavenly planets: planets, abodes, worlds of the highest planetary system, the supreme refuge, the world above this world. The inhabitants are higher evolved, live longer and find much more satisfaction in the material than the inhabitants of other planets in the universe do. Souls in goodness go there to enjoy the results of their good works. But there one also finds rebirth and death - the reason why devotees do not particularly feel attracted to residing in the heavenly planets (see also l o k a).

Hiranyagarbha: ('the gold inside'), name of B r a h m â, the Self-existent one inside the lotus, the one of the golden light, of the golden egg of the universe.

Hiranyakas'ipu ('he who thinks of gold'): the king of the a s u r a s, killed K r i s h n a in His incarnation as N r i s i m h a d e v a. Hiranyakas'ipu's son was the great devotee P r a h l â d a M a h â r â j a (see S.B. Canto seven, the first chapters).

- Brother of H y r a n y â k s h a.

Hiranyâksha ('he who lives for gold'): the demoniac son of K a s' y a p a who was killed by Lord V a r â h a. Formed together with his demoniac brother H i r a n y a k a s' i p u a couple that once as J a y a and V i y a y a guarded the entrance of V a i k u n t h h a but fell down in offense with the K u m â r a s (see: S.B. Canto 3.16-19).

Hotâ: the priest offering oblations during a sacrifice (see also r i t v i k).

Hrishîkes'a: name for K r i s h n a as the Master of the Senses.

 

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S'rîmad Bhâgavatam | Bhagavad Gîtâ | Nederlandse versie

 

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