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Canto 10

S'rî Dasâvatâra Stotra

 

 

Chapter 48: Krishna Pleases His Devotees

(1) S'rî S'uka said: 'The Supreme Lord, the Soul of All who Sees Everything, with understanding [for Uddhava's report of desirous women] wished to please the serving girl [Trivakrâ, as He had promised 10.42: 12] and went to the house of the woman who was troubled by lust [see 10.42: 10]. (2) It was richly endowed with expensive furnishings, replete with sensual articles and was beautified with strings of pearls and banners, canopies, beds and seats as also fragrant incense, oil lamps, flower garlands and sandalwood. (3) Seeing Him arriving at her house, she immediately rose to her feet and together with her female companions hurried to receive Acyuta properly, who respectfully was welcomed with an excellent seat and so on. (4) The saintly Uddhava was also worshiped, but he touched his seat and sat on the floor. Krishna, faithful to the ways of human society, then laid Himself without delay upon a luxurious bed [in the inner chambers]. (5) She prepared her body by bathing, anointing, dressing up with ornaments, garlands and perfume, bethel nut and drinking fragrant fluids and such, and then shyly and with playful smiles approached Mâdhava with tempting glances. (6) Calling forward the lovely woman, who was shy in fear of the novel contact, He took hold of her two with bangles ornamented hands and placed the beauty on the bed to enjoy together with her, she whose only proof of piety consisted of having offered ointment. (7) Smelling the feet of the Unlimited Lord and embracing within her arms, between her breasts, her Lover, the Personification of All Ecstasy, wiped away the pain that because of Cupid burned in her breasts, chest and eyes. Thus she succeeded in letting go of her so very long standing distress. (8) Because she had offered body ointment to Him, the Master of Enlightenment, she had obtained the Lord who is so hard to obtain. But unfortunately [compare 4.9: 31] she begged the following: (9) 'Please Beloved, stay here for a few days together with me! Enjoy, for I cannot bear to give up Your association oh Lotus flower-eyes.'

(10) He who is of Respect for Others, considerate with her, granted her the boon she desired [in the form of a promise], whereupon the Lord of All together with Uddhava returned to His own supremely opulent residence. (11) The one who, in full worship of Vishnu, the Controller of All Controllers who is so difficult to honor [other than by pure devotion], choses for a benediction that is spiritually too easy, is with that superficiality not engaged very intelligently [see also 7.15: 36].

(12) Krishna, the Master, also desired to please Akrûra and engage him in some business as well, and thus He went together with Uddhava and Balarâma to his house. (13-14) When he saw Them coming, the greatest of all illustrious personalities who were his relatives, he joyfully rose to his feet to embrace Them for a welcome. Bowed down to Krishna and Râma he was greeted by Them whereupon he, after They had taken their seats, worshiped Them as was prescribed. (15-16) The water he had used to wash Their feet he sprinkled all over his head oh King, after which he presented gifts, the finest clothing, sandalwood, garlands and excellent ornaments. With his head bowed down he in worship placed His feet on his lap to massage them, and addressed with humility, facing down, Krishna and Râma as follows: (17) 'To our good fortune the two of You have killed the sinful Kamsa as also his brothers and followers. Thus delivering Your dynasty from endless troubles You have made it prosperous. (18) You two are the pradhâna and purusha [material and efficient] causes of the universe that are one with the universe and apart from whom not a single cause or effect [para-apara] can be found. (19) This universe You created from Your energies, You have subsequently entered. Thus You can be perceived in the many [forms] oh Absolute Truth, that we know about from listening to the scriptures and by direct experience. (20) Even as the earth element and the other elements differently manifest themselves in various species of living mobile and immobile beings, You, the Single One Self-reliant Self, the Supersoul, manifest in a multitude [of souls] within those different life forms. (21) You create, maintain and then again destroy the universe, but You are, with the qualities of Your potencies: [respectively] the passion, the  goodness and the ignorance [the gunas], not bound to those actions or their modes. For what could for You now, who are the Soul of All Knowledge, constitute a cause of bondage? (22) Because it has never been proven that You are determined by physical matters and such, there is with You no question of a literal birth or of material opposites. For that reason there exists for You in fact no bondage or any liberation [compare 10.14: 26]. And if that happens to be so according to Your sweet will [see e.g. 10.11: 7], it is the consequence of our mistaken notion about You [like in 10.23: 10-11]. (23) For the benefit of this universe You proclaim the classical path of the Veda and assume forms in the mode of goodness the very moment the path is obstructed by wicked persons adhering to godlessness. (24) You as that very same person oh Master, have now descended in the home of Vasudeva together with Your plenary portion [Balarâma]. This You have done in order to spread the fame of the [Yadu] dynasty and to remove from this earth the burden of the hundreds of armies present there by killing their kings [see also 1.11: 34], kings who are expansions of the adversaries of the god-fearing souls [see e.g. 7.1: 40-46]. (25) Today oh Lord, our residence has been most blessed by the arrival of You, Adhokshaja, the Spiritual Master of the Universe who are the embodiment of all the gods, forefathers, living beings and humans, You from whose feet the water [of the Ganges, see 5.17] washes that purifies the three worlds. (26) What other scholar would there be for us? To whom else should we turn for shelter but to You, the well-wisher whose loving words for His devotees are always faithful? For grateful to the supporters who worship You, You give all that they desire, even Yourself with whom there is never any diminution or increase [see also B.G. 2: 40]. (27) We to our fortune have, with us here, before our eyes You who even for the masters of yoga and the most prominent among the enlightened ones are a goal hard to attain. Please swiftly cut through the ties of our delusional existence that result from Your material energy: our children, wife, wealth, honorable friends, our home, body and so on.'

(28)
Thus extensively being worshiped by His devotee, Krishna the Supreme Lord smiled at Akrûra and spoke with words that practically swept him of his feet. (29) The Supreme Lord said: 'You, Our paternal uncle and praiseworthy friend, are Our spiritual master. We are always the ones depending on you and [like your sons] need to be protected, maintained and graced by you. (30) Someone like you belongs to the most elevated among the honorable ones and deserves it to be served by anyone desiring the saintliest and highest good. Demigods are always after their own interests, but pure devotees are not. (31) Not to decry the sacred places that consist of water [rivers] or the deities that are made of clay and stone: they purify in the course of time, but the saints [themselves] bring purification after just once having met them. (32) You certainly are the very best of all Our well-wishers. I would like you to go for Us to the city named after the elephant [Hastinâpura] and find out what it is that for the sake of the welfare of the Pândavas needs to be done. (33) When their father died, they as young boys together with their mother were in great distress. They were by the king [Dhritarâshthra] taken to his capital, where they are residing since, so I have heard. (34) The King, the son of Ambikâ [see 9.22: 25], was blind and was, under the control of his wicked sons [one hundred of them lead by Duryodhana, 9.22: 26], weak-minded so that the sons of his brother [Pându] certainly were not treated equally by him. (35) Go and find out whether his actions are good or bad at present, so that we with that knowledge can make arrangements for the benefit of Our dear friends.'

(36) After Akrûra fully having instructed with these words, the Fortunate One, Lord Hari, returned to His residence with Uddhava and Sankarshana.'

 

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Third revised edition, loaded March 27, 2014.   

 

 

 

 

 

Previous Aadhar edition and Vedabase links:

Text 1

S'rî S'uka said: 'The Supreme Lord, the Soul of All who Sees Everything, with understanding [for Uddhava's report of desirous women] wished to please the serving girl [Trivakrâ, as He had promised 10.42: 12] and went to the house of the woman who was troubled by lust [see 10.42: 10].
S'rî S'uka said: 'The Supreme Lord, the Soul of All and Seer of Everything, with understanding wishing to please [as He had promised 10.42: 12], went to the house of the serving girl [Trivakrâ] who was troubled by lust [see 10.42: 10]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 2

It was richly endowed with expensive furnishings, replete with sensual articles and was beautified with strings of pearls and banners, canopies, beds and seats as also fragrant incense, oil lamps, flower garlands and sandalwood.

It was rich with expensive furnishings, replete with sensual articles and was beautified with strings of pearls and banners, canopies, beds and seats as also fragrant incense, oil lamps, flower garlands and sandalwood. (Vedabase)

 

Text 3

Seeing Him arriving at her house, she immediately rose to her feet and together with her female companions hurried to receive Acyuta properly, who respectfully was welcomed with an excellent seat and so on.

She, seeing Him arriving at her house, at once indeed rose in a hurry with her female companions to welcome properly Acyuta who was respectfully greeted with an excellent seat and so on. (Vedabase)

 

Text 4

The saintly Uddhava was also worshiped, but he touched his seat and sat on the floor. Krishna, faithful to the ways of human society, then laid Himself without delay upon a luxurious bed [in the inner chambers].

Uddhava also worshiped, saintly as he was, touched the seat [offered to him] and sat on the floor, and Krishna, faithful to the ways of human society, without delay laid Himself upon a luxurious bed [in the inner chambers]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 5

She prepared her body by bathing, anointing, dressing up with ornaments, garlands and perfume, bethel nut and drinking fragrant fluids and such, and then shyly and with playful smiles approached Mâdhava with tempting glances.

She by bathing, anointing, dressing up with ornaments, garlands and perfume, bethel nut and drinking fragrant fluids and so on, prepared her body and then shy and with playful smiles approached Mâdhava with tempting glances. (Vedabase)

 

Text 6

Calling forward the lovely woman, who was shy in fear of the novel contact, He took hold of her two with bangles ornamented hands and placed the beauty on the bed to enjoy together with her, she whose only proof of piety consisted of having offered ointment.

Calling forward the lovely woman, who fearful of the new contact [as a virgin] was shy, seized He her two hands ornamented with bangles and placed He the beauty on the bed to enjoy with her whose only proof of piety had been the offering of ointment. (Vedabase)

 

Text 7

Smelling the feet of the Unlimited Lord and embracing within her arms, between her breasts, her Lover, the Personification of All Ecstasy, wiped away the pain that because of Cupid burned in her breasts, chest and eyes. Thus she succeeded in letting go of her so very long standing distress.

Smelling the feet of the Unlimited Lord, embracing within her arms, between her breasts, her Lover, the Personification of All Ecstasy, wiped the pain away that because of Cupid burned in her breasts, chest and eyes, so that she could let go of her so very long standing distress. (Vedabase)

 

Text 8

Because she had offered body ointment to Him, the Master of Enlightenment, she had obtained the Lord who is so hard to obtain. But unfortunately [compare 4.9: 31] she  begged the following: 

She with having offered Him, the Master of Enlightenment, body ointment, had obtained the Controller so hard to obtain, and begged, oh how unfortunate [compare 4.9: 31], the following: (Vedabase)

 

Text 9

'Please Beloved, stay here for a few days together with me! Enjoy, for I cannot bear to give up Your association oh Lotus flower-eyes.'

'Please stay here together with me for a few days o Beloved, take pleasure, I cannot bear to give up Your association, o Lotusflower-eyes.' (Vedabase)

 

Text 10

He who is of Respect for Others, considerate with her, granted her the boon she desired [in the form of a promise], whereupon the Lord of All together with Uddhava returned to His own supremely opulent residence.

He With Respect for Others, in respect of her, promising to come back to that later granted her the boon of her material desire after which the Lord of All, together with Uddhava, went back to His supremely opulent residence. (Vedabase)

 

 Text 11

The one who, in full worship of Vishnu, the Controller of All Controllers who is so difficult to honor [other than by pure devotion], choses for a benediction that is spiritually too easy, is with that superficiality not engaged very intelligently [see also 7.15: 36].

He who in full worship of Vishnu, the Controller of All Controllers, who is so difficult to keep in mind, as a benediction chooses for something easy to the mind is of that obtaining an insignificant result a person slow of intelligence [see also 7.15: 36]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 12

Krishna, the Master, also desired to please Akrûra and engage him in some business as well, and thus He went together with Uddhava and Balarâma to his house.

Krishna, the Master, who wanted some things to be done then with Uddhava and Râma went to the home of Akrûra with also the desire to please Akrûra. (Vedabase)

 

Text 13-14

When he saw Them coming, the greatest of all illustrious personalities who were his relatives, he joyfully rose to his feet to embrace Them for a welcome. Bowed down to Krishna and Râma he was greeted by Them whereupon he, after They had taken their seats, worshiped Them as was prescribed.

When he saw Them, the greatest of illustrious personalities from a distance, rose he joyfully with his relatives to embrace Them for a welcome. Bowed down to Krishna and Râma was he greeted by Them and was he of worship according the injunctions after They had taken their seats. (Vedabase)

 

Text 15-16

The water he had used to wash Their feet he sprinkled all over his head oh King, after which he presented gifts, the finest clothing, sandalwood, garlands and excellent ornaments. With his head bowed down he in worship placed His feet on his lap to massage them, and addressed with humility, facing down, Krishna and Râma as follows:

The water he had used to wash Their feet he sprinkled over all his head, o King, after which he presented gifts, the finest clothing, sandalwood, garlands and excellent ornaments. With his head bowed down being of worship placed he His feet on his lap for a massage, and addressed he face down with humility Krishna and Râma as follows: (Vedabase)

 

Text 17

'To our good fortune the two of You have killed the sinful Kamsa as also his brothers and followers. Thus delivering Your dynasty from endless troubles You have made it prosperous.

'To our good fortune have the two of You killed the sinful Kamsa together with his brothers and followers and has this dynasty of Yours been delivered from endless troubles and made prosperous. (Vedabase)

   

Text 18

You two are the pradhâna and purusha [material and efficient] causes of the universe that are one with the universe and apart from whom not a single cause or effect [para-apara] can be found.

You two are the principal persons who of the Universe are the cause and the substance apart of whom there is not a single cause or effect to be found. (Vedabase)


Text 19

This universe You created from Your energies, You have subsequently entered. Thus You can be perceived in the many [forms] oh Absolute Truth, that we know about from listening to the scriptures and by direct experience.

This universe created by You, You subsequently entered by Your own energies so that You can be perceived in many forms knowable by hearing from the scriptures and direct experience. (Vedabase)

 

Text 20

Even as the earth element and the other elements differently manifest themselves in various species of living mobile and immobile beings, You, the Single One Self-reliant Self, the Supersoul, manifest in a multitude [of souls] within those different life forms.

The way indeed the earth- and other elements manifest themselves variously in species of beings mobile and immobile, do You, the Single One Self-reliant Self, the Supersoul, the same way in various forms of life appear to be manifold among them. (Vedabase)

 

Text 21

You create, maintain and then again destroy the universe, but You are, with the qualities of Your potencies: [respectively] the passion, the  goodness and the ignorance [the gunas], not bound to those actions or their modes. For what could for You now, who are the Soul of All Knowledge, constitute a cause of bondage?

You create and then destroy; You protect the universe but are by Your qualities, the personal energies, the modes of passion, ignorance and goodness or by their material activities not bound to this world; for when You are knowledge itself, what would for You then be a cause of bondage? (Vedabase)


Text 22

Because it has never been proven that You are determined by physical matters and such, there is with You no question of a literal birth or of material opposites. For that reason there exists for You in fact no bondage or any liberation [compare 10.14: 26]. And if that happens to be so according to Your sweet will [see e.g. 10.11: 7], it is the consequence of our mistaken notion about You [like in 10.23: 10-11].

Because You are not determined by the coverings of the body and so on is there no literal birth or duality to Your Self and therefore exists there no bondage for You, nor in fact any liberation [compare 10.14: 26]; and if they show is that to Your sweet will [see e.g. 10-11: 7] so or either of our erroneous notions about You [like in 10.23: 10-11]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 23

For the benefit of this universe You proclaim the classical path of the Veda and assume forms in the mode of goodness the very moment the path is obstructed by wicked persons adhering to godlessness.

For the benefit of this universe did You proclaim the ancient path of the Veda and do You assume a form in the mode of goodness at the time the path is obstructed by the wicked ones adhering to godlessness. (Vedabase)

 

Text 24

You as that very same person oh Master, have now descended in the home of Vasudeva together with Your plenary portion [Balarâma]. This You have done in order to spread the fame of the [Yadu] dynasty and to remove from this earth the burden of the hundreds of armies present there by killing their kings [see also 1.11: 34], kings who are expansions of the adversaries of the god-fearing souls [see e.g. 7.1: 40-46].

You as that very same person o Master, has now descended in the home of Vasudeva with Your Own plenary portion [Balarâma] to remove from this earth here the burden of the hundreds of armies by killing their kings [see also 1.11: 34], who are expansions of the adversaries of the god-fearing [see e.g. 7.1: 40-46], and to spread the fame of the [Yadu-]dynasty. (Vedabase)

 

Text 25

Today oh Lord, our residence has been most blessed by the arrival of You, Adhokshaja, the Spiritual Master of the Universe who are the embodiment of all the gods, forefathers, living beings and humans, You from whose feet the water [of the Ganges, see 5.17] washes that purifies the three worlds.

Today, o Lord, is our residence indeed extremely fortunate with You, Adhokshaja, having entered; You, the Spiritual Master of the Universe, the God of all the forefathers and living beings, the humans and the gods; You as the embodiment of Him from whose feet has washed the water [of the Ganges, see 5.17] that purifies the three worlds. (Vedabase)

 

Text 26

What other scholar would there be for us? To whom else should we turn for shelter but to You, the well-wisher whose loving words for His devotees are always faithful? For grateful to the supporters who worship You, You give all that they desire, even Yourself with whom there is never any diminution or increase [see also B.G. 2: 40].

What other scholar is there but You; to whom else should we turn for shelter but to You, the well-wisher who in Your words of love for Your devotees are always true; to You who, grateful to the devoted who positive with You are of worship, gives all that is desired, even Yourself - You to whom there is never diminution or increase [see also B.G. 2: 40]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 27

We to our fortune have, with us here, before our eyes You who even for the masters of yoga and the most prominent among the enlightened ones are a goal hard to attain. Please swiftly cut through the ties of our delusional existence that result from Your material energy: our children, wife, wealth, honorable friends, our home, body and so on.'

To our fortune have we here with us before our eyes You who even for the masters of yoga and the rulers of the godly are a goal hard to reach; please swiftly cut through our ties of delusion given by Your material energy: our children, wife, wealth, honorable friends, our home, body and so on.' (Vedabase)

 

Text 28

Thus extensively being worshiped by His devotee, Krishna the Supreme Lord smiled at Akrûra and spoke with words that practically swept him of his feet.

Thus worshiped profusely by His devotee smiled Krishna the Supreme Lord at Akrûra and spoke He with words that as good as swept him of his feet. (Vedabase)

 

Text 29

The Supreme Lord said: 'You, Our paternal uncle and praiseworthy friend, are Our spiritual master. We are always the ones depending on you and [like your sons] need to be protected, maintained and graced by you.

The Supreme Lord said: 'You, our paternal uncle and praiseworthy friend, are our spiritual master and always are We your dependents to be protected, maintained and graced. (Vedabase)

 

Text 30

Someone like you belongs to the most elevated among the honorable ones and deserves it to be served by anyone desiring the saintliest and highest good. Demigods are always after their own interests, but pure devotees are not.

People like your good self are of the worshipable ones the most eminent, worthy to be served by men who desire the most saintly, highest good, as while demigods are always after their own interests, are the saintly devotees not so. (Vedabase)


Text 31

Not to decry the sacred places that consist of water [rivers] or the deities that are made of clay and stone: they purify in the course of time, but the saints [themselves] bring purification after just once having met them.

Not to deny the sacred places consisting of water or either deities made of clay and stone: they purify in the course of time, but the saints do so being seen only once. (Vedabase)


Text 32

You certainly are the very best of all Our well-wishers. I would like you to go for Us to the city named after the elephant [Hastinâpura] and find out what it is that for the sake of the welfare of the Pândavas needs to be done.

Of all our well-wishers are You no doubt the very best; I want you please to go for Us to the city named to the elephant [Hastinâpura] and find out what for the sake of their welfare for the Pândavas needs to be done. (Vedabase)

 

Text 33

When their father died, they as young boys together with their mother were in great distress. They were by the king [Dhritarâshthra] taken to his capital, where they are residing since, so I have heard.

When their father died were they as young boys together with their mother in distress by the king [Dhritarâshthra] brought to his own capital city, where they thus are residing, so I've heard. (Vedabase)

 

Text 34

The King, the son of Ambikâ [see 9.22: 25], was blind and was, under the control of his wicked sons [one hundred of them lead by Duryodhana, 9.22: 26], weak-minded so that the sons of his brother [Pându] certainly were not treated equally by him.

Toward the sons of his bother [Pându] was the king, the son of Ambikâ [see 9.22: 25], so wretched of mind, really not equally disposed, blind of vision being under the control of his wicked sons [one hundred of them lead by Duryodhana, 9.22: 26]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 35

Go and find out whether his actions are good or bad at present, so that we with that knowledge can make arrangements for the benefit of Our dear friends.'

Go and learn whether he in his actions at present is good or evil so that to that knowledge we can arrange for what is to the benefit of our dear friends.' (Vedabase)

 

Text 36

After Akrûra fully having instructed with these words, the Fortunate One, Lord Hari, returned to His residence with Uddhava and Sankarshana.'

In full instructing Akrûra with these words went the Supreme Lord, the Supreme Personality of Control, with Uddhava and Sankarshana then to His own residence.   (Vedabase)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Creative Commons
                License
The text and audio are offered under the conditions of the
Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License.
The first painting is a detail of a classical folio named "Kubja invites Krishna", Rajasthan, India.
The second painting "Krishna teaches Arjuna" is by
Surendra Nath Kar (1892-1970).
Source: 'Myths of the Hindus and Buddhists', Ballantine Press, Oct. 1913.
Production:
Filognostic Association of The Order of Time.

 

 

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