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Canto 5

Mahâmantra 2

 

 

Chapter 15: The Glories of the Descendants of King Priyavrata

(1) S'rî S'uka said: 'The son of Bharata named Sumati who followed the path of Rishabha, will in this age of Kali, by some heretics lacking in civilization be considered a godhead according to a self-made, unsubstantial idea not found in the Vedas [see also 5.6: 9] (2) From the womb of Sumati's wife Vriddhasenâ a son was born named Devatâjit. (3) Thereafter from Âsurî a son of Devatâjit was born who was called Devadyumna. From the womb of Devadyumna's wife Dhenumatî the son Parameshthhî appeared from whose wife Suvarcalâ the son Pratîha appeared. (4) He who personally propounded the science of self-realization, was a purified soul of perfect understanding who always remembered the Original Personality. (5) From Pratîha's wife Suvarcalâ three sons were born named Pratihartâ, Prastotâ and Udgâtâ who were all experts in the Vedic rituals. Pratihartâ's wife  Stutî gave birth to the two sons Aja and Bhûmâ. (6) From Bhûmâ's wife Rishikulyâ Udgîtha was born, from him Prastâva was born from the womb of Devakulyâ, and Prastâva begot in his wife Niyutsâ the son Vibhu. From Vibhu's wife Ratî, further Prithushena was born who in Âkûti begot a son called Nakta. From Nakta there was a son born from the womb of Druti: Gaya. He, being a most exalted wise king famous for his piety, was by his qualities recognized as a direct expansion of the Supreme  Soul, Lord Vishnu who took his birth for the purpose of protecting the entire world. He, moved by pure goodness, became the leading personality [the mahâpurusha] in society. (7) In the performance of his duties he protected his subjects by maintaining them [poshana], he made them happy in all respects [prînana], treated them as his children [upalâlana] and sometimes chastised them as a king [anus'âsana]. He in every respect performed all the prescribed religious ceremonies for the Supreme Lord, the great Personality and source of all living beings who is the Supreme Brahman [in person]. By his surrender, the many of his spiritual qualities and by his service of the lotus feet of the self-realized ones, he managed to be of devotional service unto the Supreme Lord, for he, who in the purest consciousness continuously was absorbed in the soul, had personally realized the cessation of all identification with his material self. Despite his awareness of his exalted spiritual position he, remaining without any false pride [demonstrations of power], ruled the entire world strictly according to the Vedic principles.

(8) Oh son of Pându, for the eulogy of Gaya the ones versed in the truth of the Purâna sing the following poetic verses: (9) 'Who else would be capable of doing what King Gaya did, the offerer who well-respected all around for his Vedic knowledge performed so many sacrifices, the defender of righteousness with every kind of opulence, the dean of the assembly of the truthful ones, he who is an integral part of the Lord and the servant of the devotees? (10) All chaste and devoted women with great satisfaction sprinkled him with sanctified water [at his coronation] for being the true one deserving the blessings of the daughters of Daksha, and with mother earth like a cow spontaneously dripping milk, he selflessly fulfilled all desires of the people on this planet. (11) [With all the rites] being of respect for every part of the Vedas yielded him all that one could wish for, even though he was free from desires, and all the kings satisfied about the opposition he offered on the battlefield paid tribute to him, just as did the brahmins with one sixth of the benedictions of the deceased. (12) King Indra got greatly intoxicated drinking all the soma of [Gaya] his sacrifices in favor of the Supreme Lord, the soul of all sacrifices, the result of which He [Vishnu] personally accepted because of  the purity of his devotion and steadiness in devotional service. (13) When one satisfies the Lord in the sacrificial arena one directly propitiates all the gods beginning with Lord Brahmâ including the complete of human society, the lower creatures and the plants and grasses. Despite being the satisfaction of nature in person, the Lord [thus] derived great satisfaction from Gaya!'

(14-15) From his wife Gayantî three sons Citraratha, Sugati and Avarodhana were born. From Citraratha's wife Ûrnâ Samrâth was born and from him Marîci was born from Utkalâ. Marîci's wife Bindumatî gave birth to a child named Bindu [or Bindumân] and from Bindu's wife Saraghâ there was a child carrying the name Madhu. Thereafter a son came called Vîravrata who took birth from Madhu's wife Sumanâ. From Vîravrata's wife Bhojâ two sons were born named Manthu and Pramanthu and from Manthu's wife Satyâ, Bhauvana was born. From his wife Dûshanâ a son was born named Tvashthâ and from Tvashthâ's wife Virocanâ there was a son named Viraja. From Viraja's wife Vishûcî a hundred sons and one daughter were born with S'atajit as the first one.

(16) About Viraja there is the following verse: 'King Viraja, who fathered a hundred sons, is by his reputation as great a jewel in this dynasty stemming from Priyavrata [see 5.1] as Lord Vishnu is among the demigods.'

 

 

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Third revised edition, loaded July 28, 2011.

 

 

 

Previous Aadhar edition and Vedabase links:  

Text 1

S'rî S'uka said: 'The son of Bharata named Sumati who followed the path of Rishabha, will in this age of Kali, by some heretics lacking in civilization be considered a godhead according to a self-made, unsubstantial idea not found in the Vedas [see also 5.6: 9]
S'rî S'uka said: 'The son of Bharata, carrying the name Sumati, will, by some heretics who follow the path of Rishabha and are lacking in civilization, in this age of Kali, to a self-made sinful idea contrary to the Veda, be thought of as a godhead [see also 5.6:9]. (Vedabase)

 

Text 2

From the womb of Sumati's wife Vriddhasenâ a son was born named Devatâjit.

From Sumati was from the womb of his wife Vriddhasenâ born a son named Devatâjit. (Vedabase)

 

Text 3

Thereafter from Âsurî a son of Devatâjit was born who was called Devadyumna. From the womb of Devadyumna's wife Dhenumatî the son Parameshthhî appeared from whose wife Suvarcalâ the son Pratîha appeared.

Thereafter was from Âsurî a son of Devatâjit born called Devadyumna. From him was there from Dhenumatî the son Parameshthhî of whom from Suvarcalâ the son Pratîha appeared. (Vedabase)

 

Text 4

He who personally propounded the science of self-realization, was a purified soul of perfect understanding who always remembered the Original Personality.

He, in his lifetime instructing many on the science of selfrealization, was personally very advanced in a perfect understanding of the great Original Personality. (Vedabase)

 

Text 5

From Pratîha's wife Suvarcalâ three sons were born named Pratihartâ, Prastotâ and Udgâtâ who were all experts in the Vedic rituals. Pratihartâ's wife  Stutî gave birth to the two sons Aja and Bhûmâ.

From Pratîha his wife Suvarcalâ came the three sons, Pratihartâ, Prastotâ and Udgâtâ into being, who were all expert in the vedic ritual, and from Pratihartâ brought Stutî the two sons Aja and Bhûmâ into existence. (Vedabase)

 

Text 6

From Bhûmâ's wife Rishikulyâ Udgîtha was born, from him Prastâva was born from the womb of Devakulyâ, and Prastâva begot in his wife Niyutsâ the son Vibhu. From Vibhu's wife Ratî, further Prithushena was born who in Âkûti begot a son called Nakta. From Nakta there was a son born from the womb of Druti: Gaya. He, being a most exalted wise king famous for his piety, was by his qualities recognized as a direct expansion of the Supreme  Soul, Lord Vishnu who took his birth for the purpose of protecting the entire world. He, moved by pure goodness, became the leading personality [the mahâpurusha] in society.

From Bhûmâ his wife Rishikulyâ there was Udgîtha, from him was from Devakulyâ Prastâva born, and in Prastâva his wife Niyutsâ was begotten the son Vibhu. From Vibhu his wife Ratî was also Prithushena born from whom Nakta was born out of Âkûti. From Nakta there was a son of Druti: Gaya. He was a most exalted wise king famous for his piety as he was born directly from the Supreme Lord Vishnu for the purpose of protecting the whole world. He, conceived of pure goodness was recognized as an integral part [kalâ] of the Supreme Soul and achieved to be the leading personality [the mahâpurusha] in society. (Vedabase)

  

Text 7

In the performance of his duties he protected his subjects by maintaining them [poshana], he made them happy in all respects [prînana], treated them as his children [upalâlana] and sometimes chastised them as a king [anus'âsana]. He in every respect performed all the prescribed religious ceremonies for the Supreme Lord, the great Personality and source of all living beings who is the Supreme Brahman [in person]. By his surrender, the many of his spiritual qualities and by his service of the lotus feet of the self-realized ones, he managed to be of devotional service unto the Supreme Lord, for he, who in the purest consciousness continuously was absorbed in the soul, had personally realized the cessation of all identification with his material self. Despite his awareness of his exalted spiritual position he, remaining without any false pride [demonstrations of power], ruled the entire world strictly according to the Vedic principles.

He, truthful in his duties, protected his subjects maintaining them [poshana]; he made them happy in all respects [prînana] treating them as his children [upalâlana], sometimes chastising them as a king [anus'âsana]. He performed all the prescribed religious ceremonies for the Supreme Lord, the great Personality and source of all beings, the Supreme Brahman, in every respect. Of his surrender, the many of his spiritual qualities, by his service to the lotusfeet of the self-realized, did he achieve devotional service unto the Supreme Lord as he also in the purest consciousness being continuously saturated within himself, personally had realized the cessation of all identification with his material self. Despite his awareness of his exalted spiritual position he remained without any false prestige in ruling this way the whole world strictly to the vedic principles.' (Vedabase)

 

Text 8

Oh son of Pându, for the eulogy of Gaya the ones versed in the truth of the Purâna sing the following poetic verses: (Vedabase)

 

Text 9

'Who else would be capable of doing what King Gaya did, the offerer who well-respected all around for his Vedic knowledge performed so many sacrifices, the defender of righteousness with every kind of opulence, the dean of the assembly of the truthful ones, he who is an integral part of the Lord and the servant of the devotees? 

'It was king Gaya who by his performing the rituals lead the way back to all the sacrifices; respected the world all over for the full of his vedic awareness is he, as the protector of righteousness of all kinds of opulence, the dean of the assembly of the truthful, and is he, apart from being an integral part of the Supreme Lord, the servant of the devotees and all alike. (Vedabase)


Text 10

All chaste and devoted women with great satisfaction sprinkled him with sanctified water [at his coronation] for being the true one deserving the blessings of the daughters of Daksha, and with mother earth like a cow spontaneously dripping milk, he selflessly fulfilled all desires of the people on this planet.

All women chaste and devoted bathed him with sanctified water with great satisfaction as the true one deserving the blessings of the daughters of Daksha; like the cow of mother earth spontaneously dripping milk, did he selfless, fulfill all desires of the people on this planet. (Vedabase)

 

Text 11

[With all the rites] being of respect for every part of the Vedas yielded him all that one could wish for, even though he was free from desires, and all the kings satisfied about the opposition he offered on the battlefield paid tribute to him, just as did the brahmins with one sixth of the benedictions of the deceased.

Without desire being in respect of every part of the Vedas yielded him all that was desired and all the royalty pleased by his stand in defense of the principles thus paid tribute to him, just as did all the brahmins in their dedicating one sixth of their blessings to his afterlife. (Vedabase)

 

Text 12

King Indra got greatly intoxicated drinking all the soma of [Gaya] his sacrifices in favor of the Supreme Lord, the soul of all sacrifices, the result of which He [Vishnu] personally accepted because of  the purity of his devotion and steadiness in devotional service.

Of him got, by his exploits in favor of the Supreme Lord, the soul of sacrifice, king Indra greatly intoxicated in drinking all the soma; the result of his offering in worship was [by Vishnu] personally accepted for its purity in devotion and steadiness in devotional service. (Vedabase)

 

Text 13

When one satisfies the Lord in the sacrificial arena one directly propitiates all the gods beginning with Lord Brahmâ including the complete of human society, the lower creatures and the plants and grasses. Despite being the satisfaction of nature in person, the Lord [thus] derived great satisfaction from Gaya!'

The way he, as the maintainer of all, in his delighting in the sacrificial arena beginning with Lord Brahmâ instantly satisfied all the gods and lower creatures, the whole of human society and the plants and the grasses, did He indeed, although in person satisfied by nature, derive great satisfaction from Gaya.' (Vedabase)

 

Text 14-15

From his wife Gayantî three sons Citraratha, Sugati and Avarodhana were born. From Citraratha's wife Ûrnâ Samrâth was born and from him Marîci was born from Utkalâ. Marîci's wife Bindumatî gave birth to a child named Bindu [or Bindumân] and from Bindu's wife Saraghâ there was a child carrying the name Madhu. Thereafter a son came called Vîravrata who took birth from Madhu's wife Sumanâ. From Vîravrata's wife Bhojâ two sons were born named Manthu and Pramanthu and from Manthu's wife Satyâ, Bhauvana was born. From his wife Dûshanâ a son was born named Tvashthâ and from Tvashthâ's wife Virocanâ there was a son named Viraja. From Viraja's wife Vishûcî a hundred sons and one daughter were born with S'atajit as the first one.

From his wife Gayantî were three sons Citraratha, Sugati and Avarodhana born, from Citraratha his wife Ûrnâ was born Samrâth and from him there was from Utkalâ Marîci. From Marîci's wife Saraghâ there was a child named Madhu and from Madhu his wife Sumanâ came a son Vîravrata. From Vîravrata's wife Bhojâ were born two sons named Manthu and Pramanthu and from Manthu his wife Satyâ there was Bhauvana. From him was from Dûshanâ one son named Tvashthâ born, and from Tvashthâ his wife Virocanâ there was a son named Viraja. Of Viraja his wife Vishûcî took birth a hundred sons headed by S'atajit as well as one daughter. (Vedabase)

 

Text 16

About Viraja there is the following verse: 'King Viraja, who fathered a hundred sons, is by his reputation as great a jewel in this dynasty stemming from Priyavrata [see 5.1] as Lord Vishnu is among the demigods.'

From this dynasty stemming from Priyavrata [see 5.1] there is the following verse: 'In his repute is Viraja, who had a hundred sons, as great an emblem as Lord Vishnu is to the demigods.' (Vedabase)

 

 

 

 
 

 

 

Creative Commons License
The text and audio are offered under the conditions of the
Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License.
The image is titled: 'A Vaishnava priest in conversation with two devotees',
Bundikalam, late 18th century.
Bron.
Production: Filognostic Association of The Order of Time


  

 

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