Direction to the writing and pronunciation of Sanskrit:
Transliteration rules used for this site:
Where originally a - was used above the a, u en i-letters is now written a ^ . Behind the t and an s with a dot below is placed an h. The s with a ´ above gets an ' besides it.
Vowel: a as in but; â as in far but held twice as long as a; e as in they; i as in pin; î as in pique but held twice as long as i; o as in go; u as in push; û as in rule but held twice as long as u.
Consonants: c as tsj; j as dj; y as in yell, consonants followed by an h are to be aspirated (breathed with: b-h, d-h, k-h, p-h); consonants as th en d are pronounced with the tip of the tongue against the palate; s' as in the german word sprechen and sh as in shine; ah with a final h (originally with a dot below) consonant as in aha and with ih like ihi.
Accent: no strong accentuation of syllables or pausing between words in a line, only a flowing of short and long syllables. Long are: â, e, î, o, û, ai, au; or when followed by two or more consonants (thus is Krishna pronounced as Krisjna).
See also a vaishnava version of Pânini's grammar: Harivenu Dâsa - An Introductory Course based on S'rîla Jîva Gosvâmî's Grammar.
Consult also: 'A practical Sanskrit Introductory' by Charles Wikner.
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A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout.
Monier Williams Sanskrit, Tamil and Pahlavi Dictionaries
Online Sanskrit Dictionary.
S'rîmad Bhâgavatam Sanskrit-English Dictionary used at this site.
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